Creating artificial intelligence has become a trending topic worldwide, research fellow at the Center for North American Studies (IMEMO RAS) Yaroslav Selyanin writes in the analytical article of RISS journal "National Strategy Issues". In the presence of undoubtedly tangible practical achievements in that sector, the government of the United States has made another venture into it – after two previously failed attempts, followed by the so called AI winters in the 1970-ies and the 1990-ies. On February 11, 2019, President Trump signed Executive Order announcing the American AI Initiative – the United States’ national strategy on artificial intelligence. "The US government assumes the role of a leading and guiding force and together with the IT industry, academic community, and foreign partners intends to enable an increase in investment in AI research and development," he underscored.
According to the American AI Initiative, the US will drive development of appropriate technical standards and reduce barriers to the safe testing and deployment of AI technologies. Washington intends to become a leader in this field and shape the AI development, Selyanin points out. In order to do this, it is planned to develop national and international ethics standards that will make AI systems more secure from attacks and foster public trust and confidence in AI technologies.
According to the US government, China is a leading competitor in the area of AI, releasing a plan to capture the global lead in AI development by 2030. "Thus, the Trump administration continues the systematic work begun under Obama. The US political establishment realises the importance of artificial intelligence. Highly competent IT specialists who hold top government positions are involved in this work," Selyanin concluded.