The US administration now assumes that Iran must fully return to its commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and only after it, the US will also return to the adherence to the agreement.
Marianna Bakonina, the senior expert of RISS, thinks that thus Biden's administration is trying to please both anti-Iranian forces in the US Congress and its allies, Israel and Saudi Arabia, which are against the "nuclear deal" with Iran.
Considering the situation, the Europeans offer their own solutions. For example, President of France Emmanuel Macron suggested involving Saudi Arabia and Israel in the negotiations over Iran's nuclear programme. However, the analyst finds the initiative unfeasible.
Describing Tehran's position, Marianna Bakonina emphasises that, from the point of view of the Iranians, the Americans and Europeans have violated their international obligations. This has encouraged Iran to gradually withdraw from certain provisions of the JCPOA. In accordance with the law "Strategic Action Plan to Lift Sanctions and Protect Iranian Nation’s Interests" adopted by the parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran in December 2020, Iran plans to restrict the access of IAEA inspectors to its nuclear facilities on 21th February, unless the US lifts all sanctions from Iran before that.