RISS Reviewed Young People's Opinions about the History of the Country in Events, People and Symbols

The round table called The History of the Country in Events, People and Symbols in the Minds of Modern Russian Youth was held on 26th March at the Russian Institute for Strategic Studies with the participation of the researchers from the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, experts and researchers from MGIMO University and RISS

Its attendants discussed the problems of developing a civic identity and general ideas of Russian youth about the history of our country, the perception of key historical events, images and symbols of different eras, preservation of historical memory in the context of generational change and in modern information and communication conditions.

When discussing said topics, the starting point was the results of the representative study recently conducted by the experts of the Institute of Sociology in 22 regions of Russia, as well as materials from similar studies in other countries.

The experts paid special attention to the key periods and images of Russian history that have a significant impact on the development of the modern-day civil position. During the exchange of their views, the attendants stressed that the history of Russia generally gives many reasons for the citizens to be proud of our country. Victory of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War, the restoration of the national economy destroyed by the war and the flight of Yuri Gagarin into space are among the most outstanding events, according to the young generation of the Russians.

The study of public opinion shows that the Russian youth as a whole is well aware of the history, outstanding historical figures of different eras, highlighting the contribution of Peter the Great to development of the Russian statehood and transformations. At the same time, it was noted at the round table that certain events of the end of the 20th century (perestroika, economic reforms of the early 90s) are perceived in the mass consciousness of the Russians rather negatively.

The vast majority of young Russians oppose attempts to distort the history of their Fatherland. There is a clear demand for further deeper study of the history, high importance of family memory, the need for new dramatic events of a creative nature, which young Russians would like to witness and actively participate in.

In this regard, the attendants of the round table focused on the ways to strengthen the civic position of young people, their active participation in the life of the country as creators of the national history and ensure intergenerational value transit.