The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Forum on Governance and Leadership was held via videoconference on July 27-28 in Beijing organized by China National Academy of Governance (the Party School of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party) as part of the events marking the 20th anniversary of SCO. The meeting was attended by the representatives of the CPC Central Committee, government agencies, the Chinese Academy of Governance, the SCO Secretariat, foreign diplomatic missions, heads and experts of scientific and educational institutions of the SCO member states, and SCO observer states and dialogue partners. Chief Counselor to the RISS Director Konstantin Kokarev took part in the forum on behalf of the Institute.
Analyzing various aspects of cooperation within the framework of the SCO, the speakers emphasized the need to be more flexible in considering the realities, current opportunities and demands both in interaction among the SCO states and in relations between the SCO and other international associations, including the EAEU and ASEAN. The experts believe this to be driven by the urgent needs of economic cooperation in the post-pandemic recovery, widespread adoption of advanced technologies, including digital, in the SCO space, and ensuring security to meet new threats and challenges. The participants also addressed various aspects of Eurasian integration and the SCO's role in promoting cooperation in Greater Eurasia.
Chinese analysts highlighted regional problems with regard to the withdrawal of NATO troops from Afghanistan. In their opinion, the 20-year U.S. military presence ruined the Afghan economy and created large-scale drug trafficking chains. For this, they conclude, the American side bears particular responsibility. Given the current situation, the experts called for expanding the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) competence to strengthen security in the SCO space.
The speakers think that the development prospects largely depend on further governance improvement in the SCO countries given their own specifics and the best practices of other states.