An article by RISS Director M.E. Fradkov titled "China's important contribution to the United Nations" was published on October 24 in the most influential newspaper in China, the People's Daily.
The original version of the article is available on the People's Daily website.
Here is a translation into English.
China's Important Contribution to the United Nations
This year, China celebrates a number of significant dates in its history. Beijing's 50th anniversary as a member of the United Nations (UN) is one of them. On October 25, 1971, at the 26th session of the General Assembly, the People's Republic of China (PRC) was recognized as the only legitimate representative of China to the UN.
Today China is a member of almost all international intergovernmental organizations and a signatory of over 600 major international treaties. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China makes tangible contributions to the UN efforts. In particular, in 2021 China has provided 63 billion U.S. dollars of development assistance to 166 countries and international organizations. It participated in 29 UN peacekeeping operations and sent a total of over 50,000 peacekeepers. On September 26, 2021, at the Sustainable Development Forum, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said that this year China has delivered 1.25 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccine worldwide. In addition, China reaffirmed its promise to provide 3 billion US dollars in international aid over the next three years to bolster Covid-19 response and economic and social recovery in the developing countries. One cannot but recognize that this policy reflects Beijing's responsible attitude toward the problems that countries are facing worldwide and which the UN is called upon to address.
However, China, along with other UN member states, still has much to do to achieve the sustainable development goals amid current geopolitical turbulence, erosion of arms control regime, increased potential for conflicts worldwide and overcoming the COVID-19 pandemic consequences.
Russia shares Beijing's views on the leading role of the UN in ensuring the security of states, uniting efforts for common progress and defining future global development. The positions of our countries on many urgent issues are close or coincide. This applies, in particular, to the settlement of the situation on the Korean Peninsula, in Syria and Afghanistan, the renewal of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and other topical issues.
Russia and China oppose the desire of some states to approve the secretive principle of global decision-making and to weaken the UN-centred international system by creating alternative structures within it. We believe that any attempts to secure unilateral advantages and establish the rules-based order without taking into account the interests, cultural and civilizational specificities of other countries are unlikely to succeed. That is why, for example, the establishment in September of a new trilateral military and a political alliance consisting of the United States, Australia, and the UK (AUKUS) to confront China can only complicate the already difficult situation in the Asia-Pacific region.
At the same time, in our view, the Global Development Initiative proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the 76th session of the UN General Assembly feets the times perfectly. It focuses on fostering global development partnerships, forging greater synergy among multilateral development cooperation processes and accelerating the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The initiative calls for more effective use of scientific and technological advances to build a global community of development towards a new stage of balanced, coordinated and inclusive growth.
This approach accords with the agreements reached by Russian and Chinese leaders on parallel and coordinated promotion of the initiatives of the Greater Eurasian Partnership and China's Belt and Road Initiative. We believe that China's proposal will contribute to the conjugation of the Eurasian Economic Union and the Belt and Road initiative to ensure sustainable macroregional economic growth, improve regional economic integration and promote peace and development in the Eurasian region.
The Treaty of Good-Neighborliness and Friendly Cooperation Between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation signed in Moscow 20 years ago (16.07.2001) provided a reliable political foundation for the development of Russian-Chinese ties as well as for cooperation in the UN and other major multilateral platforms. No doubt, the Treaty is a truly historical document that has brought the relations between Russia and China to an "unprecedented height". In this regard, we expect the Treaty to be automatically extended in February 2022 for another five years.
Russia and China are great powers with significant potential and global influence. Therefore, their efforts together with other countries seem to be especially important for the preservation of the UN's crucial role in international relations and the protection of the world order based on international law.