By virtue of its expansion, the European Union has gained great geopolitical significance and can act like a weighty global player, RISS expert Lyudmila Vorobyova points out in the analytical article of RISS journal “National Strategy Issues.” However, this is negated by the fact that the EU has become “more complex and contested.” Today, the EU concept can be described as cultural, historical, economic, and political diversity, Vorobyova adds.
Vorobyova underscores that against the background of the growing national consciousness of European peoples and increasing influence of right-wing populist parties, the internal tension between the national interests of EU members and EU policy that is based on European solidarity is becoming more noticeable. This applies to immigration issues, climate protection, or imposing sanctions.
According to RISS expert, the forecast of further EU development is unclear due to the fact that the EU member countries have different views on its future. “Some leaders of EU member states believe that the European Union should be a superpower; others believe that the EU is not a significant global actor; others are convinced that it will remain just a union of national states with a market economy,” Vorobyova concluded.