Middle East conflicts in 2020: to be continued

Christmas holidays have not bring de-escalation of the Middle East conflicts. Recent military activities in the Middle East have lead to the further increase of tensions in the region, RISS expert Vladimir Fitin believes. "This is due to the assassination of General Qassem Suleimani. He was the commander of the Iranian special Quds Force. His killing has sharply worsened relationship between the U.S and Iran," the analyst said.

In response, Iran has launched missile strikes against U.S. military targets inside Iraq (Al Asad Airbase and another base in the city of Erbil). In expert's opinion, both Iran and the United States were not ready to start a big war. Later, President Trump said there were no American casualties in the Iranian strikes on military bases and Washington was ready to engage in talks with Tehran without any preconditions. The conflicting sides are fully aware of the consequences and don't want to aggravate the situation.

As for the conflict in Libya, the Tripoli-based Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) headed by F.Sarraj signed two agreements with Turkey on military cooperation and the delimitation of the Maritime Jurisdiction Areas in the Mediterranean. Ankara can now also send troops to support GNA. This caused a sharp protest from countries in the region, as well as the EU and the US.

There are also some important unresolved issues in Syria. First of all, this is the terrorist enclave in Idlib that destabilizes the situation in the region. Any country could only have a legitimate authority, RISS expert pointed out.

"Lebanon, Iraq, and Algeria are also rocked by nationwide protests against the difficult economic situation. We also should remember the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The situation is aggravated by the absence of a stable government in Israel. The current conflicts will only continue this year. And our country will strive for the peaceful resolution of problems," V.Fitin said.

Suleimani USA