The Cuban Diaspora in the United States was undergoing profound changes while remaining traditional, RISS expert Andrei Shishkov underscored in the analytical article of RISS journal “National Strategy Issues” №5 (56). Recent demographic and social trends may led to a new ideological face of the Cuban diaspora. "There are supporters of establishing better relations with Havana. If the Democrats come to power, they will get new opportunities to promote their ideas, but they also will meet with fierce opposition from the Cuban diaspora," he explained.
The history of the Cuban diaspora in the United States dates back several centuries. The Cuban Revolution in 1959 had significant influence on the formation of the Cuban American society. The analyst recalled that during the Cold War period and in the last decade of the XX century, Cuban immigrants had been opponents of the Castro regime. They achieved significant political and economic influence in the United States and had a huge impact on Washington's Cuban policy. They were also supporting the isolation policy of the Communist government to overthrow it.
Over time, the social and demographic composition of Cuban-Americans has changed. The new Cuban migrants who arrived in the United States after 1980 had different views than those who had left Cuba immediately after the revolution. A lot of emigrants who took part in the revolution explained their migration by economic reasons. "This allows us to talk about the emerging contradictions within the Cuban diaspora," RISS expert said.
In expert's opinion, the historical events of late 20th and early 21st century such as the death of the socialism had an impact on the Cuban diaspora in the United States. A lot of Cuban Americans supported an idea of establishing better relations with Havana. This trend reached its peak during Obama presidency. "But all Cuban-American congressmen sharply criticized Barack Obama and called for tough stance on policy towards Cuba. Moreover, after D.Trump came to power, supporters of Cuba isolation has changed Washington's Cuban policy," A.Shishkov pointed out.
The analyst recalled that there were a lot of Cuban-American organizations following to the ideology of exile in the United States. They are united by the idea of opposition to the socialist government of Cuba and establishing better relations with Havana. "In recent years, various organisations supporting constructive dialogue with Havana have appeared. They support the relevant changes in US policy towards Cuba and try to attract many followers among American businesses," he concluded.