Many speakers at the roundtable also highlighted the negative role of the USA in promoting the CTBT into force, and a number of other states that are either not signed it at all, or have signed but still have not ratified it.

Attention was drawn to the inadmissibility of the erosion of the key contents of the treaty which is an important universal instrument in the quest of the process of limiting the accumulation and improvement of nuclear weapons. It was again articulated a frequently repeated initiative to proclaim certain areas of the world  as “zones-free from of nuclear tests”, and expressed the wish that Russia has to be taken a leadership role in achieving real long-sought goal – the CTBT’s entry into force.

Chief Adviser at the RISS suggested that all states that have signed and ratified the Treaty, should address a collective letter of appeal on the level of Presidents and Prime ministers to all states that have not yet signed and ratified this treaty to do it as soon as possible. The same appeal to the Heads of State and Government who did not support the CTBT should be drafted by the leading national and international research centers, as well as the well-known non-profit (non-governmental) organizations. It is desirable that such letters have to be send to the aforenamed states before the twentieth anniversary of the CTBT opening for signature.

According to Vladimir P. Kozin, the creation of an atmosphere conducive to the entry into force the treaty could be contributed not only by the proclamation of individual regions of the world as a zones-free of nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction, but also the resumption of long ago sounded proposals not to use nuclear weapons in a first strike with at any conceptual and strategic interpretation or their non-use at all.

RISS expert has criticized the recent statement made by the former US Defense Secretary William Perry, who groundlessly attributed to some Russian designers of nuclear weapons a desire to resume nuclear testing in Russia. According to Vladimir P. Kozin, such a declaration may indicate the desire of the American side which deviates from the ratification of the CTBT for almost two decades, to groundlessly accuse Russia of its readiness to violate its provisions, who, as evidenced by the numerous statements by senior Russian military and political leadership on the full commitment of the Moscow principles and objectives CTBT, has no plans to do so.

The RISS Chief Adviser added that if the United States shares the idea of creating “zones-free from nuclear tests”, they might well proclaim its national territory as of such a zone, but with mandatory and parallel with to the ratification of this legal act in its entirety.