Organization of Turkic States: History, Objectives, Prospects

Why was the Organization of Turkic States created? What role do Turkey, Central Asian states and Azerbaijan play in it? Why did Hungary become an observer to the organization? What are the prospects of the «Turkic world» beyond its borders? Senior RISS expert turkologist Georgy Sosnov comments on the activities of the Organization of Turkic States established in 2009 as the Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States and reformed into the Organization of Turkic States in November 2021.

Summary:

  • The 8th Summit of the Turkic Council, held in Istanbul in November 2021, can be perceived as an important step towards institutionalizing the cooperation between the Turkic States. With this regard, the Council's name was changed to Organization of Turkic States (OTS).

  • Turkey is an informal leader of the OTS. Turkey-led move to upgrade Turkic-speaking states’ cooperation into a political unit can boost unity between Turkic states and weaken Moscow’s influence in Central Asia in the prospect.

  • Hungary can offer the Turkic Council a connection to Europe. At the same time, Budapest seeks to align itself with Eastern Nations (for instance, China) through the OTS.
Georgy Sosnov Turkey Organization of Turkic States integration Central Asia Caucasus