«Ukraine» project. Part I.

RISS leading expert Oleg Nemensky analyzes the origins of modern Ukrainian nationalism. The analyst explains why the Ukrainophile movement in the 19th century chose the traditions of the Zaporozhye Cossacks and rural dwellers, while completely rejecting the urban tradition.

The expert thinks that the Austro-Hungarian nobility and Polish elite played a significant role in developping Ukranian nationalism. In this regard Oleg Nemensky paid close attention to Franciszek Dushinsky, Count Franz Stadion and Mykhailo Hrushevsky.

The analyst notes that Polish aristocrat Count Andrei Sheptytsky, the metropolitan of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, promoted the anti-Russian sentiment in the Ukrainian Uniate Church development.


  • In the 19th century Austria-Hungary and Poland used Ukrainophilia ideas in their geoplotical interests against the Russian Empire.

  • Guided mainly by Poles in Lviv «Ukrainity» developped from the Ukrainophilian ideas, which were based on finding and stressing specific cultural features related to rural traditions and Zaporozhye Cossacks. Thus, Ukrainophilia philosophy roots in negativist identity that denies everything Russian.
Oleg Nemensky Ukraine