RISS leading expert Sergey Ermakov analyzes the main challenges that the North Atlantic Alliance met on the eve of the summit in Spain on June 28-30. According to the analyst, NATO is on the verge of a serious transformation. Member states debate fiercely about the forthcoming changes.
The prospect of Finland and Sweden joining NATO became one the most acute issues on the summit agenda. Sweden and Finland’s aspirations to become NATO members stalled after Turkey took a tough stance against a Nordic expansion, which once again demonstrated a deep crisis in the North Atlantic Alliance. The RISS expert notes that against this background, the U.S. seeks to single out China as an area of NATO's focus. However, even in this case, there are voices against turning the alliance into an instrument of Washington's anti-Chinese policy.
- NATO seeks to expand the functional and geographic scope of its activities. In fact, it is trying to transform into a global geoeconomic alliance, extending its reach to the Asia-Pacific region and becoming the ultimate guarantor of the European security.
- The U.S. is using NATO as a tool to perpetuate its hegemony that has been challenged by Russia and China.
- NATO is forging an inner Nordic Bloc (which consists of the Baltic States, Poland, the UK and possibly Sweden and Finland) as an anti-Russian force.
- It would be inconceivable for NATO to maintain its influence in the Black Sea and Eastern Mediterranean without Turkey's loyalty. That is why Washington is trying to avoid a further decline in the U.S.-Turkey relations.