RISS Leading Analyst Sergei Ermakov examines the new National Security Strategy signed by US President Joe Biden. The expert notes that the document declares Washington's intention to strengthen its alliance network in Europe and the Indo-Pacific region. Thus, the US tries to preserve its hegemony and counter independent centers of power like Russia, China, and Iran.
At the same time, the National Security Strategy retains the ideological framework of a struggle between democracies and autocracies, which is considered a key characteristic of the modern system of international relations.
- When assessing the challenges posed by other nations, the new National Security Strategy explicitly prioritizes China, then Russia. The strategic prioritization of the Indo-Pacific is the utmost priority for the US government. At the same time Washington will continue supporting Europe in response to the conflict in Ukraine.
- The US government is trying to drag out the fighting in Ukraine aiming to weaken Russia.
- Washington relies on the collective strategy of containment in Europe against Russia. However, there are sings of the European split over the military conflict in Ukraine. For instance, Germany is not interested in the global economic and political isolation of Russia.
- The US government will try to detach the post-Soviet space from Russia, fostering closer ties with former Soviet republics, for instance, in Central Asia, which constitutes Russia’s backyard. At the same time, in the long term Washington may negotiate with China on sharing the spheres of influence in the region.